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An In-Depth Look at an Anoscopy Examination

An In-Depth Look at an Anoscopy Examination

An anoscopy is an examination that involves a small, rigid tubular instrument called an anoscope. Doctors use anoscopies to identify any abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract. The organs that make up the GI tract are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus. This examination gives doctors an opportunity to get a closer look at the tissue within the patient’s anus, anal-rectum, and lower rectum.

It’s important to note that there are procedures that are sometimes performed in conjunction with the anoscopy if your doctor sees fit. These procedures are a Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) and a Biopsy.

Digital Rectal Exam: This test is conducted for both men and women. Doctors use this exam to check the lower rectum, pelvis, and lower belly for things such as cancer and other health problems.

Biopsy: This is an examination that involves removing tissue from a living body to not only discover diseases but to determine its causes and how extensive it is.

To prepare for an anoscopy, it is best that you empty your bladder and have a bowel movement if necessary. This will make you feel more comfortable before the procedure.

What Conditions Can an Anoscopy Diagnose?

An anoscopy is a great way for providers to determine any underlying issues that an individual may be experiencing in their gastrointestinal tract. If you believe that you are experiencing any of these conditions, contact your trusted healthcare provider for further assistance. Here are a few conditions that an anoscopy can diagnose.


These are swollen veins that reside in the lowest parts of your rectum and anus. Obesity or straining during bowel movements can cause hemorrhoids. Symptoms of hemorrhoids can include painless bleeding during bowel movements, pain or discomfort, and itching or irritation around the anal area.


An anal abscess is a condition that involves the development of puss in the anal area. These abscesses are painful and are usually a result of an infection from small anal glands. The most common abscess is a perianal abscess. Symptoms of an anal abscess can include pain in the buttocks area, fever, lower abdominal pain, fatigue, and a lump in the anal area.

Anal Fissures

An anal fissure is a small tear in the thin moist tissue that lines the anus. These fissures can present themselves when you pass a large or hard stool. Additionally, anal fissures will usually cause pain and bleeding with bowel movements. Symptoms of anal fissures can include a skin tag or small lump of skin next to a tear in the anal area, burning or itching in the anal area, and sharp pains in the anal area during a bowel movement.

Rectal Cancer

This type of cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the tissue of the rectum. Symptoms of rectal cancer include changes in individuals bowel habits or blood in the stool, diarrhea or constipation that persists, discomfort or urge to have a bowel movement even when you don’t have to, and rectal bleeding.


Some individuals experience inflammation in the rectal area. Proctitis or Anusitis can cause this inflammation. Proctitis is defined as inflammation of the mucosal lining of the rectum. Anusitis is defined as inflammation of the anal canal. Symptoms of inflammation in the rectal area include itching and burning, rectal bleeding, pelvic pressure, discharge that has a foul odor, diarrhea, and pain on the left side of the abdomen.

Complications with an Anoscopy Examination

Anoscopy examinations require a lot of attention to patient comfort.

While an anoscopy is a relatively safe procedure, there are a few complications that can persist after the examination is done. Some of these complications include:

  • Individuals can experience an infection post-procedure. However, it’s important to note that this is rare.
  • Discomfort after examination
  • Abrasion or tearing of hemorrhoidal tissue
  • Tearing of perianal skin

Understanding the Anoscope

An anoscope is a tool that is used during an anoscopy examination. This tool includes a disposable plastic tube that doctors insert a few inches into the anus. There are also stainless steel anoscopes, which are sterilizable. The anoscope is usually 3 to 5 inches long and 2 inches wide. This is similar to the size of a normal bowel movement to help the patient’s body accommodate the device without having a hard time.

The anoscope is a two-part device that has a hollow outer sheath and solid inner obturator. The excellent thing about plastic anoscopes as compared to stainless steel is that it requires less preparation and post-procedure cleaning.

What Can obp Provide?

Most commercially available anoscopes do not include a built-in light source for easy viewing. This means that most providers have to use a head-mounted light source. Alternatively, they have an assistant direct the light source to aid in visualization during the examination. However, obp has developed a powerful technology solution to help the anoscopy procedure be as seamless as possible. The ANOSPEC is a great alternative for providers who want to simplify the procedure process and work more efficiently. With our ANOSPEC, providers can examine patients with confidence.

The ANOSPEC is an easy-to-use medical device that requires no additional parts. This single-use disposable anoscope comes equipped with an integrated LED light source, making visualizing your patients that much easier. Additionally, since this device is ready to use, this helps to reduce the risk of cross-contamination.

Another benefit of the ANOSPEC is that the LED light source generates no damaging heat and can conveniently produce a peak light of 30+ minutes. Its design also has a huge impact on its success. Thanks to its ergonomic design, providers can use this device with great balance and improve maneuverability, along with the fact that its clear materials make 360 views easier.

Conducting examinations is important for patients’ health. An anoscopy examination helps physicians catch any issues an individual may have in the gastrointestinal tract before it becomes too serious. For physicians that want to improve the efficiency and ease of their procedures, they should consider purchasing our ANOSPEC single-use lighted anoscope. If you are a physician and want to learn more about our single-use anoscope, contact us at obp today.

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